Tricity Landscape Park
The Board of Tricity Landscape Park
Tricity Landscape Park (TPK) was created in 1979 on the area of around 20 thousands ha. The last change of the act concerning establishing TPK, including the correction of its borders, was made in 1998. According to the act on nature protection, landscape park is a protected area with regard to its natural, historical and cultural values, and the goal of its creation is preservation and popularization of these values in the conditions of balanced development.
TPK covers the forest areas with forest agricultural enclaves of Gniewowo, Zbychowo, Nowy Dwór Wejherowski, Reszki and Bieszkowice villages on the area of south-eastern part of moraine upland of Kashubian Lakeland and it edge zone. The whole park consists of two extensive forest complexes, divided by urbanized and being urbanized lands of Wielki Kack, Mały Kac kand Gdynia-Dąbrowa. The northern complex includes the part of Gdynia, Rumia and Wejherowo regions, whereas twice smaller southern complex – the fragments of Gdynia, Sopot and Gdańsk areas.The most precious natural values of the park is a unique post-glacial relief, formed by processes connected with southern Poland glaciation, and especially with its last pomeranian phase, from which the final withdrawing of inland ice from our lands.
In the western upland part of TPK, the tracts of wavy ground moraine predominate, with local terminal moraine hills and other post-glacial forms of relief of various genesis, e.g. sandr plain, lake spout and cave-in basins. In numerous land’s depressions there are peatbogs and several small lakes, e.g: Wyspowo, Borowo, Pałsznik, Wygoda, Bieszkowickie, Zawiat, Okuniewko, Długie – some of them primary lakes formed just after glaciation withdrawal. Post-glacial features of the countryside are also enhanced by the presence of field stones.
In the eastern and north-eastern part of the park, a landscape of erosive cuttings of upland edges predominates, which characteristic feature is a close complex of different size of valleys, frequently branched. Bigger valleys have a clear flat bottom, land’s drops reach in some places over 80 m, and the slope often exceeds 40 degrees. This type of relief was created in the conditions of permafrost by waters flowing from receding inland ice and coming from melting the blocks of dead ice, and also by rainwaters, is an exception in the European Low scale. The streams flow through the bottom of many valleys, and most of them have its springs in park territory, e.g. Cedron, Cisówka, Marszewska Struga, Swelinia, Świemirowski Stream, Rynarzewski Stream, Prochowy Stream, Zajączkowski Stream. Only the biggest streams start its run on the upland outside TPK borders: Gościcina, Zagórska Struga, Kaczy Stream, Oliwa Stream and Strzyża.
A specific environments of cool northern slopes, deep valleys with piedmont streams, well-head areas, places naturally active in terms of erosions, peatbogs, clean forest lakes, field stones, enabled a preservation of an interesting flora and fauna. In many such mainstays, relict populations of ordinary species survived in past climatic periods, being the remains of their past range, e.g. representing glacial relicts, also interesting geographical elements, e.g piedmont and mountainous.
There are 7 nature reservations: "Źródliska w Dolinie Ewy", "Zajęcze Wzgórze", "Kacze Łęgi", "Cisowa", "Lewice", "Gałęźna Góra" and “Pełcznica” and 144 nature monuments: 88 trees and types of trees, 2 trees on stones, 52 stones and complexes of stones and 2 surface objects. In 1999 the part of TPK buffer zone between its two complexes, the group of 7 small ecological grounds was formed, and in 2001 on the southern end of TPK and its buffer zone, the natural and ecological complex “Dolina Strzyży” on the area of 381 ha, was established. In January 2003 a big black-headed gull breeding colony was recognized as an ecological land in buffer zone of the park, Bojano village region.
There are 34 nature monuments in the park buffer zone: 32 trees and complexes of trees and 2 stones. Few nature monuments in TPK were formed to protect rare types of mushrooms and lichens.
The efforts are made to establish new reservations, which are to protect other particularly valuable in terms of geomorphology, hydrology, countryside, plant cover and fauna of the areas in TPK. These are the following, initially named objects: : "Dolina Zagórskiej Strugi", "Dolina Pieleszewska", "Nadrzeczne", "Bieszkowickie Moczary", "Łęg nad Swelinią", "Dolina Radości", "Wąwóz Huzarów" and "Lasy w Dolinie Strzyży". It is also planned to create over 25 ecological lands, 2 documental stands of lifeless nature. A closer knowledge of the whole TPK nature richness should allow to create in the future ecologically coherent system of reservations and other protected objects, optimal from the point of view in the range of natural values of the park.
Date of publication: 11.02.2010 14:31
The last modification: 0000-00-00 00:00:00